|The role of SETAs
|There are twenty-one (21) SETAs each classified according
to economic sectors.
|The functions and responsibilities of SETAs are set out in Chapter 3,
section 10 of the Skills Development Act, 1998.
|The Skills Development Act states that the functions and duties of a SETA
- Develop a sector skills plan. This is a plan to describe the trends in
each sector, the skills that are in demand and to identify priorities for
- Implement the sector skills plan.
- Develop and administer Learnerships. Learnerships include the
traditional apprenticeships of the past. Like apprenticeships,
Learnerships combine practice and theory. The main difference is that
Learnerships go beyond "blue-collar" trades - they also prepare people for
jobs in the new services sector, and for higher para-professional
occupations. Learnerships are a new way of training.
- Support the implementation of the National Qualifications Framework.
The National Qualifications Framework (NQF) is the framework, based on
eight levels, on which any qualification or learning outcome can be
- Undertake Quality Assurance. In promoting quality provision, SETAs
- Accredit education and training providers.
- Monitor provision to ensure that programmes are being followed.
- Register Assessors.
- Collaborate with other Education and Training Quality assurers.
- Report to the South African Qualifications Authority on how they
fulfil the ETQa role.
- Disburse levies collected from employers in their sector. Employers
pays 1% of their salary payroll to SARS on a monthly basis. The SETA uses
10% of the money to cover administration costs. 70% can be claimed back by
companies. The remaining 20% goes to the National Skills Fund.
- Report to the Minister and to the South African Qualifications
Authority. SETAs are statutory bodies. This means that they are
established by Act of Parliament and they are given clear responsibilities
to be discharged in the public interest. The levy collected from employers
is public money. The Director-General of the Department of Labour is the
Accounting Officer. SETAs must therefore report to the Director-General on
the efficient and effective use of funds. They are also governed by the
Public Finance Management Act, the provisions of which are designed to
ensure that public bodies operate in a manner that is not wasteful or
irresponsible. In order that SETAs are publicly accountable, and to give
them full responsibilities and scope to organize their work, each SETA is
required to enter into a Service Level Agreement with the Department of
|Developing the Sector Skills Plan
|Each SETA must draw up a Sector Skills Plan (SSP).. SSPs are important in
making decisions about the priorities for skills development. The SSP is
important for the SETA since it provides the framework and the background
for its actions.
To see the list of all Seta's Click here